Tics are brief repetitive, stereotyped movements or vocalizations. Gilles de la Tourette’s syndrome (TS) is a neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by
recurrent motor and vocal tics persisting for at least one year1. Approximately 50% of patients with Tourette Syndrome will have comorbidities including ADHD,
OCD, anxiety and depression2. Studies have shown improvements in ADHD3, anxiety and depression4 with physical activity, although there are no studies to date examining the effect of exercise on tic severity. We predict that by implementing a motivational physical activity program, in conjunction with exercise counseling, we will be able to increase levels of physical activity in children with tics and Tourette Syndrome with a positive impact on quality of life.
1. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth ed.). 2013; Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.2. Jimenez-Shahed J. Tourette Syndrome. Neuol Clin 2009; 27:737-755.
3. Gapin JI, Labban JD and Etnier JL. The effects of physical acitivty on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: The evidence. Prev Med 2011; 52. S70-74.
4. Larun L, Nordheim LV, Ekeland E et al. Exercise in prevention and treatment of anxiety and depression among
children and young people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006; 19(3):CD004691.