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CHEO Discovery Minute

Were you part of a CHEO Research Institute study? We couldn’t make discoveries today for healthier children tomorrow without the generous contribution of patients and families! CHEO Discovery Minutes are part of our commitment to sharing the results of our work with the people who were part of it.
 
Dr. Waleed Alqurashi, Investigator at the CHEO Research Institute, presents The Canadian Anaphylaxis Action Plan For Kids. AKA the “kids CAP”.  Dr. Alqurashi discusses the materials developed to inform kids and parents about Anaphylaxis.
 
 
Many kids visit emergency departments with gastroenteritis, or a stomach infection. Six Canadian pediatric emergency departments took part in the Probiotic Regimen for Outpatient Utility of Treatment or PROGUT trial. Researchers wanted to know if giving young children probiotics could reduce the duration and severity of vomiting and diarrhea associated with acute gastroenteritis. In this CHEO Discovery Minute, Emergency Physician Dr. Ken Farion shares the results of the PROGUT Trial.
 
 
Premature birth is the leading cause of early childhood death worldwide and remains the major cause of disability in Canadian children. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia or BPD is a chronic injury to the immature newborn lung that arises in about half of survivors born extremely premature, leading to a high risk of death and long-term issues with breathing. Senior Scientist Dr. Robert Jankov received a Research Growth Award to begin to define the role of the protein thrombospondin in newborn lung injury. The Research Growth Awards are funded by community support through the CHEO Foundation.
 
 
Adolescents who intentionally harm themselves by poisoning or injuring themselves are at risk for repeated self-harm or suicide. In this CHEO Discovery Minute, Dr. Bill Gardner shares his research that found a dramatic increase in the rates of Ontario teens visiting an Emergency Department for self-harm and mental health issues since 2009. Remember, there are supports available. Kids Help Phone: 1-800-668-6868, www.kidshelpphone.ca or eMentalHealth: www.ementalhealth.ca/ 
 
 
Tourette Syndrome is a neurological disorder characterized by repetitive movements called motor tics and noises called vocal tics. There is no cure for Tourette syndrome, but we are always looking for ways to improve the lives of children and adolescents with this condition. In this CHEO Discovery Minute, Dr. Asif Doja shares his study about the relationship between physical activity, tic severity and quality of life in children with Tourette syndrome. 
 
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic gastrointestinal disorders in which people have ulceration, inflammation, and bleeding of their gastrointestinal tract, and are at risk for complications in other parts of the body. People with IBD have an elevated risk of mental illness, especially anxiety and depression, potentially related to the inflammation in the gut affecting their brain. In this Discovery Minute, Dr. Eric Benchimol shares the results of a study where he and fellow researchers asked if women with IBD were at greater risk of developing a new mental illness during pregnancy and after giving birth compared to the overall population. 
 
 
Why is it important to understand the natural progression of recovery in children after sustaining a concussion? Good question, says Dr. Andrée-Anne Ledoux. In this Discovery Minute, CHEO Research Institute Investigator Dr. Ledoux answers this question and shares her researcher about post-concussion recovery.
 
 
The commonest cause of bacterial pneumonia in children is a bacteria called streptococcus pneumoniae or pneumococcus. In this CHEO Discovery Minute, Dr. Tom Kovesi shares the research results of his work tracking different types of pneumococcal infections over time periods when two different vaccines were introduced.
 
Thousands of children arrive each day to Emergency Departments across Canada with head injuries. Most are mild but a few may be life-threatening. Dr. Martin Osmond and colleagues across Canada developed the CATCH 2 rule. With this rule physicians are better informed of those at high risk for bleeding inside the head and this can assist them in determining who requires a prompt CT scan or close observation. It can also lessen anxiety for families of children whose injuries are determined to be less severe. 
 
Approximately one out of every 100 children who visits an emergency department for care receives sedation for common procedures, such as setting fractures or treatment of complex cuts. Dr. Maala Bhatt, together with researchers from across Canada, wanted to know if there was an increased risk of adverse events if a child hadn’t fasted before sedation. In this CHEO Discovery Minute, Dr. Bhatt shares that there was no difference in the rate of adverse events in young patients when researchers compared those who hadn’t fasted before being sedated for a procedure and those who had met fasting guidelines.
 
 
In this CHEO Discovery Minute, Dr. Amy Plint shares the results from the OUCH Trial, a randomized control trial. Dr. Plint and her research team wanted to improve pain control in kids who come to the emergency department with musculoskeletal injuries. 
 
 
CHEO researcher Dr. Nicole Obeid knew that much of the research on the link between poor body esteem and eating disorders has been concentrated on female adolescents but she wanted to know if there was the same link in male adolescents. In this discovery minute, she shares the research team’s findings. 
 
 
Dr. Mario Cappelli shares his results on his study entitled: A hospital Emergency Department is often a first point of contact when families are facing mental health challenges. Knowing what services and resources are available during and after an ED visit is essential in supporting patients and families. This research team wanted to know if families were able to access the resources provided and if they were satisfied with them. Watch his CHEO Discovery Minute below. 
 
 
In this video, Children hospitalized for asthma are to leave the hospital earlier thanks to research done by Catherine Pound and her team. In this Discovery Minute, Dr. Pound shares that, in their randomized controlled trial, nurses could wean children off their asthma medication as safely and effectively as physicians. This relieved the pressure on busy physicians, improved the use of nursing resources. When asked about their experience, families reported a high satisfaction with the care received and felt that their needs were met. 
 
 
A long-asked research question has finally been answered: is it possible to prevent Type 1 diabetes by altering the kind of formula that infants are exposed to in the first months of life? In this CHEO Discovery Minute, Margaret Lawson shares the results of the 14-year Trial to Reduce IDDM in the Genetically at Risk (TRIGR) study. 
 
Energy drinks, physical activity and sedentary behaviour – how do these things connect? CHEO Research Institute Scientist Dr. Jean-Philippe Chaput explains what he and his research team found in their research with teens in Ottawa. 
 
 
Dr. Dayre McNally is a pediatric intensivist with the CHEO Research Institute. In this Discovery Minute, Dr. McNally explains his research into vitamin D deficiency and the effect it can have on very sick children admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit and how he hopes to improve the health of ill children by safely and rapidly correcting their vitamin D levels. 
 
 
In this bilingual CHEO Discovery Minute, Karine Toupin April shares the work of her research team in determining effective pain management options for youth with juvenile arthritis. From here, they will develop an app that will help young people track what works.  
 
In this CHEO Discovery Minute, Dr. Stephen Feder explains the results of the publication Exploring the association between eating disorders and gender dysphoria in youth, published in Eating Disorders: Journal of Treatment and Prevention Authors : Stephen Feder, Leanna Isserlin, Emily Seale, Nicole Hammond and Mark L. Norris. Volume 25, 2017 - Number 4, Pages 310-317. 
 
 
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